Rapides Parish Timeline
Spanish Franciscan missionaries minister to Appalache Indians.
Spanish mission established and called Post du Rapides.
France hands territory of Louisiana over to Spain.
First Spanish governor arrives in territory.
Records refer to "the burying grounds," now known as Rapides
Louisiana handed back to France.
France sells Louisiana territory to the United States for $15 million.
Gov. William Claiborne takes office and proclaims that all residents of
territory have freedom to practice religion as they see fit.
Post du Rapides is named Pineville for large number of pine trees in the area.
First school established in area of Pineville.
Area's first boarding school opened by George P. Diggs.
Parker's Institute for Boys opened.
Episcopal Cemetery is established. Also, Jewish Cemetery is founded.
Mount Olivet Chapel dedicated by Episcopal Bishop Leonidas Polk, the
State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy, forerunner of Louisiana State
University, opened with William Tecumseh Sherman as superintendent.
Major Gen. Nathaniel Banks, with over 35,000 Union troops, reaches the area
but finds the Red River too low at the rapids for boats to pass. Banks orders
a dam built so that the ships can move on to Shreveport. Engineer Joseph
Bailey takes charge of building the dam. Trees on Pineville side of river cut
down to construct Bailey's Dam.
[Note: Added by Marion V. Couvillon 17 Feb 2000 - Actually Banks went (UP) the
river without difficulty as the river was high enough at that time. They went
as far as Mansfield
where the got badly whipped and returned down the river to find it too low to
get over the Rapids from which the parish gets its
name. This is located about at the H.P.Long-O.K.Allen bridge. The Northern
soldiers were so down on the Southerners at
this point that the burned the city of Alexandria, which is historically much
more important than that dam. This is now felt by
most genealogists as many of the old records were burned. Bailey's dam was
built partly of wood, bricks and stone from the
National Cemetery established.
State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy is destroyed by fire and is
First Pineville post office opens.
Methodist Cemetery is established.
Charter of incorporation granted to Pineville by Louisiana Legislature.
Census figures show 763 people living in Pineville.
First street lamps are installed in Pineville.
Six Pineville residents receive telephones.
Company formed to build a bridge between Pineville and Alexandria.
The bridge is completed.
Pineville citizen committee formulates plan to offer land to United States War
Department for training of Louisiana National Guard troops.
Offer is accepted by U.S. War Department for the 400 acres.
Louisiana College opens.
Central Louisiana State Hospital opens.
Pineville Mayor Emmett Walker assassinated by Pineville resident over a
Constructions starts on Camp Beauregard.
Huge numbers of military trainees die of measles, influenza and spinal
meningitis epidemics while at Camp Beauregard.
Post-World War I
Esler Field used as artillery and small arms combat range for military.
State Colony and Training School, forerunner of Pinecrest State School,
established by act of Louisiana Legislature.
First patients arrive at State Colony and Training School (Pinecrest).
Tornado kills 14 people in Pineville and causes half a million dollars in
Pineville suffers devastating flood.
Airfield constructed at Esler Field.
Veterans Administration takes over old State Seminary of Learning and Military
Academy and opens VA Hospital.
First Pineville Town Hall built.
O.K. Allen Bridge opens.
Huey P. Long charity Hospital established.
Voters decide that Pineville will not sell alcohol.
New Pineville post office opens on corner of Shamrock and Main streets.
Weekly Pineville newspaper, the
Colfax Creosoting Co. Moves to Pineville.
Buhlow Lake is built and Buhlow Lake Airport opens.
Pineville City Council votes to adopt a flag designed by Lloyd Hawthorne as
the city flag.
Fred Baden elected mayor of Pineville.
Pineville population is pegged at 15,308.
April Pineville celebrates its 275th anniversary.